Patricia A. Cody, Esq.,
Chief Diversity Officer,
Title IX Coordinator,
300 Jay Street
Namm Hall, Room N-325
Brooklyn, NY 11201
What is Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence?
Sexual harassment is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature that is sufficiently serious to adversely affect your ability to participate in or benefit from an educational program. It includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature on or off campus.
Gender-based harassment is unwelcome conduct of a nonsexual nature based on actual or perceived sex, including conduct based on gender identity, gender expression, and nonconformity with gender stereotypes that is sufficiently serious to adversely affect your ability to participate in or benefit from an educational program.
- Sexual violence is an umbrella term that includes sexual assault as well as dating, domestic and intimate partner violence and certain forms of stalking.
- Sexual assault is a crime.
- Sexual assault is any form of sexual contact that occurs without consent and/or through the use of force, threat of force, intimidation, or coercion.
- Sexual assault can be committed when someone has not given or is unable to give consent, for example, because of intoxication.
- Sexual assault can be a form of sexual harassment.
- Anyone - of any gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, physical or mental ability, religious affiliation, citizenship status, race, class or educational level - can be a victim of sexual harassment and/or sexual violence.
- For example, the scenarios depicted in the video clips included in this presentation could occur between individuals of any gender, gender identity or sexual orientation.
- Sexual harassment and/or sexual violence can occur between members of the same sex/gender.
Verbal Harassment can include unwanted
- Sexual comments, teasing, or jokes
- Sexual slurs, demeaning words, or other verbal abuse
- Graphic or sexually suggestive comments
- Inquiries or discussions about sexual activities
- Pressure to accept social invitations, to meet privately, to date, or to have sexual relations
- Sexually suggestive letters or other written communications, including emails, texts and other social media communications
At CUNY, sexual harassment includes:
- Recording images (e.g. video, photograph) or audio of another person's sexual activity, intimate body parts, or nakedness without that person's consent;
- Disseminating images (e.g. video, photograph) or audio of another person's sexual activity, intimate body parts, or nakedness, if the individual distributing the images or audio knows or should have known that the person depicted in the images or audio did not consent to such disclosure; and
- Viewing another person's sexual activity, intimate body parts, or nakedness in a place where that person would have a reasonable expectation of privacy, without that person's consent.
Gender-Based Harassment includes:
- Intentionally using the wrong pronoun to identify a transgender individual can be a form of harassment.
- Mocking a person's appearance or clothing as more suited to a person of the opposite sex is a form of harassment.
Any unconsented or unwanted sexual touching or other physical contact may constitute sexual violence
- Any form of sexual activity
- Brushing against another's body
- Dating/IP/Domestic violence is a pattern of coercive behavior that can include physical, psychological, sexual, economic and emotional abuse.
- It can consist of actions or threats of actions that intimidate, humiliate, isolate, frighten, coerce, threaten, blame or hurt someone.
- It can also consist of a single incident of sexual assault.
- Rape or any sexual offense, whether on a date or not, or by someone you know or do not know, is the same criminal offense.
- Between 80 and 90 percent of all people who have been raped know their perpetrator(s).
- On college campuses, alcohol is often involved in date rape.
Stalking is a crime. It is intentionally engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that:
- is likely to cause reasonable fear of material harm to the health, safety or property of that person, a member of that person's immediate family or a third party with whom that person is acquainted; or
- causes material harm to the mental or emotional state of such person, where such conduct consists of following, telephoning or initiating communication or contact with such person, a member of the person's family or a third party with whom the person is acquainted; or
- is likely to cause such person to reasonably fear that her/his employment, business or career is threatened, when such conduct consists of appearing, telephoning or initiating communication or contact at such person's place of employment or business, and the actor was previously clearly instructed to stop.
- Specific actions, such as sending a birthday card or standing across the street from someone's house may be legal, but if they are part of a series of actions that cause fear or distress, they may be illegal.
- Stalking includes cyber-stalking - using electronic forms of communication, including social media, to engage in the conduct described above.